Water Wells and Pumps

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Water Well Drilling and Pump Installation Ontario | Home | Hayden Water Wells

The username and password you entered did not match any accounts in our file. Please try again. Sign In. Michael and S. D Khepar and S. Contact us at our Green Forest office today to discuss your project needs with one of our expert well drillers. We can have your well up and running before you know it. Our guarantee. Over the years, we've made a lot of friends and repeat customers in and around the Green Forest area. In fact, we have a reputation of providing excellent service, friendly consultations, and above all, honest business dealings. We're so confident you'll be happy with the services we provide that we're willing to put it in writing!

From our well drillers to our office staff, we take pride in all we do, and it shows! Soil salination can occur as the water table falls and the surrounding soil begins to dry out. Another environmental problem is the potential for methane to seep into the water. Some of the earliest evidence of water wells are located in China. The neolithic Chinese discovered and made extensive use of deep drilled groundwater for drinking. The Chinese text The Book of Changes , originally a divination text of the Western Zhou dynasty BC , contains an entry describing how the ancient Chinese maintained their wells and protected their sources of water.

A well excavated at the Hemedu excavation site was believed to have been built during the neolithic era.


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In Egypt , shadoofs and sakiehs are used. The Sakieh is the Egyptian version of the Noria.

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Some of the world's oldest known wells, located in Cyprus, date to BC. One is in Atlit, on the northern coast of Israel, and the other is the Jezreel Valley. Wells for other purposes came along much later, historically.

The first recorded salt well was dug in the Sichuan province of China around 2, years ago. By the 10th century, extensive bamboo pipelines connected oil wells with salt springs. The ancient records of China and Japan are said to contain many allusions to the use of natural gas for lighting and heating. Petroleum was known as Burning water in Japan in the 7th century.

Until recent centuries, all artificial wells were pumpless hand-dug wells of varying degrees of sophistication, and they remain a very important source of potable water in some rural developing areas where they are routinely dug and used today. Their indispensability has produced a number of literary references, literal and figurative, to them, including the reference to the incident of Jesus meeting a woman at Jacob 's well John in the bible and the " Ding Dong Bell " nursery rhyme about a cat in a well.

Hand-dug wells are excavations with diameters large enough to accommodate one or more people with shovels digging down to below the water table. The excavation is braced horizontally to avoid landslide or erosion endangering the people digging. They can be lined with laid stones or brick; extending this lining upwards above the ground surface to form a wall around the well serves to reduce both contamination and injuries by falling into the well. A more modern method called caissoning uses reinforced concrete or plain concrete pre-cast well rings that are lowered into the hole.

A well-digging team digs under a cutting ring and the well column slowly sinks into the aquifer , whilst protecting the team from collapse of the well bore.

Hand-dug wells are inexpensive and low tech compared to drilling as they use mostly manual labour to access groundwater in rural locations in developing countries. They may be built with a high degree of community participation, or by local entrepreneurs who specialize in hand-dug wells. They have low operational and maintenance costs, in part because water can be extracted by hand bailing, without a pump. The water is often coming from an aquifer or groundwater, and can be easily deepened, which may be necessary if the ground water level drops, by telescoping the lining further down into the aquifer.

The yield of existing hand dug wells may be improved by deepening or introducing vertical tunnels or perforated pipes. Drawbacks to hand-dug wells are numerous. It can be impractical to hand dig wells in areas where hard rock is present, and they can be time-consuming to dig and line even in favourable areas. Because they exploit shallow aquifers, the well may be susceptible to yield fluctuations and possible contamination from surface water, including sewage.

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Hand dug well construction generally requires the use of a well trained construction team, and the capital investment for equipment such as concrete ring moulds, heavy lifting equipment, well shaft formwork, motorized de-watering pumps, and fuel can be large for people in developing countries. Construction of hand dug wells can be dangerous due to collapse of the well bore, falling objects and asphyxiation, including from dewatering pump exhaust fumes. Patrizio St. Driven wells may be very simply created in unconsolidated material with a well hole structure , which consists of a hardened drive point and a screen perforated pipe.

The point is simply hammered into the ground, usually with a tripod and driver , with pipe sections added as needed. A driver is a weighted pipe that slides over the pipe being driven and is repeatedly dropped on it. When groundwater is encountered, the well is washed of sediment and a pump installed. Drilled wells are typically created using either top-head rotary style, table rotary, or cable tool drilling machines, all of which use drilling stems that are turned to create a cutting action in the formation, hence the term drilling. Drilled wells can be excavated by simple hand drilling methods augering, sludging, jetting, driving, hand percussion or machine drilling rotary, percussion, down the hole hammer.

Deeprock rotary drilling method is most common. Drilled wells can get water from a much deeper level than dug wells can—often down to several hundred metres. Drilled wells with electric pumps are used throughout the world, typically in rural or sparsely populated areas, though many urban areas are supplied partly by municipal wells. Most shallow well drilling machines are mounted on large trucks, trailers, or tracked vehicle carriages.


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Some rotary drilling machines are designed to install by driving or drilling a steel casing into the well in conjunction with the drilling of the actual bore hole. Another form of rotary-style drilling, termed mud rotary , makes use of a specially made mud, or drilling fluid, which is constantly being altered during the drill so that it can consistently create enough hydraulic pressure to hold the side walls of the bore hole open, regardless of the presence of a casing in the well.

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Typically, boreholes drilled into solid rock are not cased until after the drilling process is completed, regardless of the machinery used. The oldest form of drilling machinery is the cable tool , still used today. Unlike rotary drilling, cable tool drilling requires the drilling action to be stopped so that the bore hole can be bailed or emptied of drilled cuttings. The casing is constructed by welding, either chemically or thermally, segments of casing together.

If the casing is installed during the drilling, most drills will drive the casing into the ground as the bore hole advances, while some newer machines will actually allow for the casing to be rotated and drilled into the formation in a similar manner as the bit advancing just below. PVC or plastic is typically welded and then lowered into the drilled well, vertically stacked with their ends nested and either glued or splined together.

Surface contamination of wells in the United States is typically controlled by the use of a surface seal. A large hole is drilled to a predetermined depth or to a confining formation clay or bedrock, for example , and then a smaller hole for the well is completed from that point forward. The well is typically cased from the surface down into the smaller hole with a casing that is the same diameter as that hole.

The annular space between the large bore hole and the smaller casing is filled with bentonite clay , concrete, or other sealant material. This creates an impermeable seal from the surface to the next confining layer that keeps contaminants from traveling down the outer sidewalls of the casing or borehole and into the aquifer.

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